Terms Related to the Digestive System
Aphagia—inability to swallow
Celiac disease—inability to digest fats and carbohydrates
Cholecystitis—inflammation of the gallbladder
Cholelithiasis—stones in the gall bladder
Cirrhosis—widespread disruption of normal liver function caused by chronic conditions affecting the liver, such as long-term alcohol abuse or hepatitis
Diverticulitis—inflammation or infection of a diverticulum (pocketing) of the colon that is characterized by abdominal pain, tenderness, and often accompanied by fever, chills, and cramping
Diverticulum—an abnormal pouch opening from a hollow organ, such as the colon.
Dysentery—a disease characterized by severe diarrhea with passage of mucus and blood and usually caused by infection by viruses, bacteria, or protozoans
Gastrectomy—removal of the stomach
Gastrostomy—creating an opening in the stomach wall through the abdominal wall through which food and liquids can be passed.
Gastritis—inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach
Gastroenteritis—inflammation of the lining of the stomach and the intestines
Malnutrition—a condition of poor health resulting from a diet lacking in essential nutrients
Periodontium—structures that support the teeth, including the cementum, the periodontal membrane, bone, and the gums
Pyorrhea—an inflammation of the periodontium; an advanced form of periodontal disease with a discharge of pus and loosening of the teeth in their sockets